Chen style Tai Chi Chuan originated from the late Ming Dynasty of China (about 400 years ago), a villager of Chenjiagou village, created a new kind of Chinese boxing based on the integration of the ancestral boxing, the essence of the excellent folk boxing types and the Chinese medicine meridians, so it is called “Tai Chi Chuan”. The theory of Tai Chi Chuan evolved from the classical works of the Chinese traditional philosophy, leechcraft, Wushu, such as the Book of Changes, Huang Di Nei Jing and so on, and absorbed the proper contents of the Daoism, Confucianism and so on during its long time development, so Tai Chi Chuan is called as “the Quintessence of the Chinese Culture”. Tai Chi Chuan is a kind of martial art to make people strong and healthy; it is not used to attack people. The actions of the Tai Chi Chuan are gentle, slow, coherent and flexible, and it can dredge the main and collateral channels, regulate Qi and blood, nourish the viscera and strengthen muscle and bones. Nowadays, Tai Chi Chuan has become one kind of sports especially for old people.
In the late 1920s Chen Fake (1887-1957) and his nephew broke with Chen family tradition and began openly teaching Chen style – providing public classes in Beijing for many years. Chen Fake’s influence was so great
that a powerful Beijing Chen style tradition survived his death; it was centred around his “New Frame” variant of Chen Village “Old Frame.” His legacy spread throughout China by the efforts of his senior students.
This style (First Routine: 83 forms)was first seen practiced by Chen Fake in his later years (1950s) in Beijing, and many regard him as the author of the style. Credit for actual public teaching/spread of these two new routines probably goes to his senior students (especially his son, Chen Zhaokui).
When Chen Zhaokui returned to Chen Village (to assist and then succeed Chen ZhaoPei) to train today’s generation of Masters (e.g. the “Four Buddhas”) he taught Chen Fake’s, unknown adaptation of old frame.
Zhu Tian Cai recalls, as a young man at the time, they all started calling it “xin jia” (new frame) because it was adapted from classic old frame.
Chen style Tai Chi Chuan (First Routine: 83 forms and Second Routine: 71 Forms) was first taught by Chen Zhaokui. Latter on, his student, Ma Hong popularized this style and has been teaching the style in all around China.
Ma Hong teaches this system movement-by-movement in great details, especially for the applications.
He explains the applications in accord to the forms. Students will understand and improve the knowledge of the movements according to forms precisely.
Chen style Tai Chi Chuan